Fort Beausejour
1751 – June 1755

Fort Cumberland
after June 1755

Before 1785, this area — now known as Westmorland County,
New Brunswick — was part of Sunbury County in Nova Scotia.
Historic events that occurred here in the 1750s, 1760s, and 1770s
took place in what was then Nova Scotia.  Plaques and monuments
commemorating events that happened here before 1785 are included
in this collection of Nova Scotia historic markers.  These include the
capture of Fort Beausejour in 1755, and the Eddy Rebellion of 1776.

During this time, Nova Scotia and Massachusetts shared a common boundary.
Nova Scotia's western boundary was the eastern boundary of Massachusetts.

On 22 May 1755 a fleet of three warships and thirty-three transports
carrying 2100 soldiers sailed from Boston, Massachusetts, landing at
Fort Lawrence on 3 June 1755.  The following day the British forces
attacked Fort Beausejour and on 16 June 1755 the French forces
evacuated to Fort Gaspereaux, arriving on 24 June 1755 and onward
to Fortress Louisbourg where they were re-garrisoned on 6 July 1755.
This battle proved to be one of the key victories in the Seven Years War
which saw Britain gain control of all of New France and Acadia.

Westmorland County, New Brunswick
(formerly Sunbury County, Nova Scotia)

GPS location:   45°51'49"N   64°17'31"W

Fort Beausejour 1751-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 8 August 2005

Photograph of the Fort Beausejour Museum showing the location of these two plaques.
Fort Beausejour 1752-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 24 June 2005

This photograph (above) shows two small cannons (circled below)
on either side of the main entrance to the Fort Beausejour Museum.
Just one week after this photograph was taken, these two cannons
were stolen, during two separate nights, June 30th and July 2nd, 2005.

Fort Beausejour 1752-1755, Fort Cumberland after 1755

Photographed on 24 June 2005

Links to Relevant Websites
Fort Beausejour
Fort Cumberland

Two Fort Cumberlands

There are two forts named Cumberland that had military
significance during the Seven Years War 1754-1763:
One is located in present-day Cumberland, Maryland.
The other is near present-day Amherst, Nova Scotia.

The Taking of Fort Beausejour, 1755

Fort Beausejour: Beyond The Isthmus – Disputed Territory
Part Six, 1755 – Chapter Two, by Peter Landry

Aerial Photograph of Fort Beausejour Government of New Brunswick

Fort Beausejour: The Attack and The Aftermath
Part Six, 1755 – Chapter Three, by Peter Landry

Isthmus of Chignecto: Communications and Transport in the 1750s
Excerpted from the Parrsboro Citizen, 9 December 2000

Fort Cumberland: The Eddy Rebellion, November 1776
Part Six, 1755 – Chapter Twelve, by Peter Landry

Seven Years War

Timeline of the Seven Years War 1754-1763
The period 2004-2013 is the 250th anniversary of the
Seven Years War, a.k.a. the French and Indian War.
Includes  important  events  in  Nova  Scotia.

Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia

Fort Lawrence interpretative panel Fort Lawrence 1750-1756, interpretative panel Fort Cumberland

Thomas Dixson, November 1776, plaque Thomas Dixson, November 1776, plaque Fort Cumberland

E.B. Chandler plaque E.B. Chandler plaque Amherst

R.B. Dickey plaque R.B. Dickey plaque Amherst

J. McCully plaque J. McCully plaque Amherst

Sir C. Tupper plaque Sir C. Tupper plaque Amherst

Yorkshire Settlers plaque Yorkshire Settlers plaque River Philip

Joggins war memorial Joggins war memorial Joggins

Amos Seaman's two churches Amos Seaman's two churches Minudie

A.P. Seaman plaque and tombstone A.P. Seaman plaque and tombstone Minudie

Westchester Station war memorial Westchester Station war memorial Westchester Station

Diligent River: historic monument Diligent River historic monument Diligent River

Maccan war memorial Maccan war memorial Maccan

Springhill war memorial Springhill war memorial Springhill

Oxford war memorial Oxford war memorial Oxford

Go To:   Index to other online Nova Scotia History

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia

Go To:   History of Electric Companies in Nova Scotia

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia

Go To:   History of Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia

Go To:   Home Page

First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 July 27
New photograph installed:   2005 August 12