Thomas Dixson
1733 – 1809

The Eddy Rebellion
November 1776

Before 1785, this area — now known as Westmorland County,
New Brunswick — was part of Sunbury County in Nova Scotia.
Historic events that occurred here in the 1750s, 1760s, and 1770s
took place in what was then Nova Scotia.  Plaques and monuments
commemorating events that happened here before 1785 are included
in this collection of Nova Scotia historic markers.  These include the
capture of Fort Beausejour in 1755, and the Eddy Rebellion of 1776.

During this time, Nova Scotia and Massachusetts shared a common boundary.
Nova Scotia's western boundary was the eastern boundary of Massachusetts.

Fort Cumberland
a.k.a. Fort Beausejour
Westmorland County, New Brunswick
(formerly Sunbury County, Nova Scotia)

GPS location:   45°51'49"N   64°17'31"W

Thomas Dixson, 1733-1809

Photographed on 24 June 2005

invested – besieged, attacked  
siege – investment, encirclement
(now obsolete)

Thomas Dixson plaque: dated 1938
Thomas Dixson plaque: date 1938

Photographed on 24 June 2005

Thomas Dixson, 1733-1809
Photograph of the Fort Beausejour Museum
showing the location of the Dixson plaque.

Photographed on 24 June 2005

Fort Beausejour Museum, view from the southwest
Fort Beausejour Museum, view from the southwest

Photographed on 24 June 2005

Links to Relevant Websites
The Eddy Rebellion
Fort Cumberland

Tantramar Historic Sites: Thomas Dixson plaque

Born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1732, Thomas Dixson came to Norfolk, Connecticut,
with his parents when he was a young boy.  He had an active military career
and his importance during the American Revolution is commemorated by the
above plaque.  He was 77 years old when he died and was originally buried in
Jolicure, N.B.  On 24 July 1938, his disintered ashes were reburied with
full military honours on the site of the old parade ground of Fort Beausejour.

Dixson was praised as "a soldier who saved the Maritimes for the Empire."
Speakers at the ceremony recalled "how he had braved the Bay of Fundy
in an open boat to bring reinforcements when the fort was besieged by
American rebels."  More than 500 uniformed troops participated in
the ceremony which was " all parts of the Dominion by the
Canadian Broadcasting network"
— quotations from The Springhill Record, 28 July 1938.

Two Fort Cumberlands

There are two forts named Cumberland that
had military significance in the period 1754-1783
One is located in present-day Cumberland, Maryland.
The other is near present-day Amherst, Nova Scotia.

Fort Cumberland: The Eddy Rebellion, November 1776
Part Six, 1755 – Chapter Twelve, by Peter Landry

Isthmus of Chignecto: Communications and Transport in the 1750s
Excerpted from the Parrsboro Citizen, 9 December 2000

The Taking of Fort Beausejour, 1755

Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia

Fort Lawrence interpretative panel Fort Lawrence 1750-1756, interpretative panel Fort Cumberland

Fort Beausejour plaques Fort Beausejour plaques, 1755 Aulac

E.B. Chandler plaque E.B. Chandler plaque Amherst

R.B. Dickey plaque R.B. Dickey plaque Amherst

J. McCully plaque J. McCully plaque Amherst

Sir C. Tupper plaque Sir C. Tupper plaque Amherst

Yorkshire Settlers plaque Yorkshire Settlers plaque River Philip

Joggins war memorial Joggins war memorial Joggins

Amos Seaman's two churches Amos Seaman's two churches Minudie

A.P. Seaman plaque and tombstone A.P. Seaman plaque and tombstone Minudie

Westchester Station war memorial Westchester Station war memorial Westchester Station

Diligent River: historic monument Diligent River historic monument Diligent River

Maccan war memorial Maccan war memorial Maccan

Springhill war memorial Springhill war memorial Springhill

Oxford war memorial Oxford war memorial Oxford

Go To:   Index to other online Nova Scotia History

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First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 July 29
Latest content update:   2005 August 15