Sack of Lunenburg
by American privateers

1 July 1782

sack – to plunder a city, town, etc.,
usually by the soldiers of a victorious army, or by pirates

plunder – to rob a place of goods, valuables, etc.,
by forcible means, especially as done in war

Photographs of

Lunenburg County
Nova Scotia

Located at the intersection of Falkland Street with Victoria Road

GPS location:   44°22'37"N   64°19'10"W

Sack of Lunenburg plaque
Plaque installed 1953
Photographed on 17 May 2003

Sack of Lunenburg plaque
Looking northeast
Photographed on 10 July 2003

Also see:   The other side of this monument

Links to Relevant Websites

Sack of Lunenburg National Historic Event of Canada

Sack of Lunenburg, 1 July 1782

Privateers and the American Revolution
...It is estimated that 2,000 privateer commissions were issued (by the
rebelling colonies) and that between 250 and 400 privateer ships were
always functioning during the late 1770s. The smallest of the colonies,
Rhode Island, sent out fifty-seven privateer ships...

Privateer, in international law, is a term applied to a privately owned armed
vessel whose owners are commissioned by a belligerent nation to carry on naval
warfare. Such naval commissions or authorizations are called letters of marque.
Privateering is distinguished from piracy, which is carried out without enlistment
by a government. Privateering was abolished by the Declaration of Paris of 1856,
but the declaration was not supported by the United States, Spain, Mexico, and

American Maritime Documents, 1776-1860: Letter of Marque/Privateer Commission
...Letters of Marque were licenses granted by a monarch or government to
privately-owned vessels, enabling them under certain conditions to war against
the shipping of an enemy nation. The word marque, from the French, was used in
this sense to mean a pledge to seize or capture. Vessels carrying these
documents were popularly known as privateers ... During the American Revolution
the Continental Congress adopted a printed form with blank spaces for the name
of the vessel, owners and master, and figures for tonnage, guns an crew. These
blank commissions, signed by the President of Congress, were sent out to the
United Colonies, who assumed primary responsibility for the regulation and
conduct of their own privateer fleets...

Privateer's Kit
Reproductions of all the forms you need to set out on the high seas against
the British. A letter of Marque authorized the captain to capture British ships and
sell the cargoes at public auction. Not only did a captain need a Letter of Marque,
he also had to post a Privateer's bond stating that he would not violate
international law. The captain also received a set of instructions from Congress,
which lay out all of the laws and rules that he must follow to be considered
a privateer and not a pirate...

Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia

Schooner Bluenose plaque Schooner Bluenose plaque Lunenburg

William Roue, Millennium Plaque Millennium Plaque: William Roue Dartmouth

Montbeliard monument Montbeliard monument Lunenburg

Blockhouse Hill cannon Blockhouse Hill cannon Lunenburg

Camp Norway memorial Camp Norway memorial Lunenburg

Lunenburg Temperance Fountain Temperance Fountain Lunenburg

Fort Point monument Fort Point monument LaHave

Riverport war memorial Riverport war memorial Riverport

Mosher memorial Mosher memorial Lower LaHave

Five Houses cannon Five Houses cannon Lower LaHave

Riverport: John Philip Ritcey monument Ritcey monument Riverport

Veterans' Memorial Bridge Bridgewater

Military Engineers: Gold River Bridge Military Engineers Gold River Bridge

Military Engineers: Martins River Bridge Military Engineers Martins River Bridge

Chester Basin: Delbert Webber, blacksmith shop Delbert Webber, blacksmith shop Chester Basin

Chester Basin war memorial Chester Basin war memorial Chester Basin

New Ross war memorial New Ross war memorial

Western Shore war memorial Western Shore war memorial

Chester war memorial Chester war memorial

Chester firemen memorial Chester volunteer firemen memorial

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First uploaded to Internet:   2003 September 09