John Taylor Wood

C.S.S. Tallahassee

C.S.S. — Confederate Steam Ship
C.S.S. — Confederate States Steamer

American Civil War
1861 – 1865

Captain John Taylor Wood
Confederate States Navy

Colonel John Taylor Wood
Confederate States Army

Swashbuckling coastal raider


Tombstone

Camp Hill Cemetery
Halifax, Nova Scotia

This stone in Camp Hill Cemetery is Lot 52, U U north.
It is six rows east of the fence off Robie Street, and is
two thirds south from the central access road off Robie Street.

This location description is that given by Arthur Thurston
on page 383 of his 1981 book "Tallahassee Skipper".


GPS location:   44°38'32"N   63°35'15"W




In memory of
J. Taylor Wood
Died July 19, 1904
Aged 74 years
Also his wife Lola
Died Sep. 26, 1909
Aged 74 years

Erected by his sons

Perpetual Care



John Taylor Wood was the grandson of United States President
Zachary Taylor, and the nephew of Jefferson Davis, President
of the Confederate States.  When the American Civil War broke
out in 1861, Wood received a lieutenant's commission in the
Confederate Navy.  He was best known for his raids against
Union ships.  In August 1864, Wood was given command of
CSS Tallahassee, with which he terrorized the North, from
New York to Maine, capturing or destroying 31 Union vessels
before his raiding career was through.  He received the
rank of Captain in February 1865.  Between raids he served
on President Jefferson's staff, and was captured with Davis in
May 1865, at the end of the war.  He escaped, made his way
to Cuba, and eventually settled in Halifax, Nova Scotia,
where he went into the shipping business.  Taylor Wood's
adventures inspired Robert Louis Stevenson's work.


 





Books about
John Taylor Wood




John Taylor Wood: Sea Ghost of the Confederacy
by Royce Gordon Shingleton,
The University of Georgia Press, 1979
ISBN   0820304662





Appendix 67
Tallahassee

Journal and Proceedings of the
Nova Scotia House of Assembly

The Tallahassee is an iron vessel of about 300 tons,
manned by 125 men, with a double screw, very fast,
and carrying three guns: 100, 30, and 12-pounder...

A vessel called the Tallahassee, which has for the last few
days unlawfully been committing depredations upon the property and
commerce of the people of the United States, by burning and destroying
vessels and property belonging to her citizens, is now in Halifax...

A fleet of 13 Federal cruisers immediately started
from United States ports on receiving by telegraph
information of Tallahassee's arrival at Halifax...

Cast:
•  Right Hon. Edward Cardwell M.P., Downing Street, London, England
          Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Colonies
•  Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell, Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
•  Sir James Hope, Vice-Admiral, Halifax
•  Mortimer M. Jackson, United States Consul at Halifax
•  Hon. Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, Nova Scotia
•  John Taylor Wood, Commander of Confederate Cruiser Tallahassee
•  Rochfort Maguire, Captain, H.M.S. Galatea
•  Robert H. Thompson, Lieutenant, H.M.S. Galatea

Captain Rochfort Maguire (above) is believed to be Cmdr. Rochfort Maguire of H.M.S. Plover — a Royal Navy depot ship based at Point Barrow, Alaska, during the winter 1853-1854 to aid in the search for Sir John Franklin — and the author of:
"The Journal of Rochfort Maguire 1852-1854: Two years at Point Barrow, Alaska, aboard H.M.S. Plover in the search for Sir John Franklin"
Edited by John Bockstoce. London: Hakluyt Society, 1988





Appendix 68
Belligerent Cruisers

Journal and Proceedings of the
Nova Scotia House of Assembly

Regulations instituted for the preservation of the neutral
attitude of Her Majesty's Government should be enforced...

Officials at all Nova Scotia ports where Tallahassee could be
supplied with fuel have been directed to warn her off, and to
prevent her from receiving any such supplies for three months
after her departure from Halifax...

Cast:
•  Right Hon. Edward Cardwell M.P., Downing Street, London, England
          Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for the Colonies
•  Sir Richard Graves MacDonnell, Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia
•  Hon. Charles Tupper, Provincial Secretary, Nova Scotia
•  Hon. William Alexander Henry, Attorney General, Nova Scotia
•  Hon. John William Ritchie, Solicitor General, Nova Scotia
•  Hon. James McNab, Receiver General, Nova Scotia
•  Hon. Isaac LeVesconte, Financial Secretary, Nova Scotia
•  Hon. Samuel Leonard Shannon
•  James H. Thorne, C.E.C. (Clerk of the Executive Council, Nova Scotia)
•  Sir James Hope, Vice-Admiral, Halifax
•  Edward Pelham Brenton Von Donop, Captain, H.M.S. Jason
•  Lieutenant Samuel Magaw, Commander, U.S. Warship Florida
•  Right Hon. Richard Lyons, 1st Viscount Lyons, British Ambassador to the United States
•  J. Hume Burnley, Her Britannic Majesty's Charge d'Affairs, Washington, D.C.
•  William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State, Washington, D.C.
•  Gideon Welles, United States Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D.C.


Source: Early Canadiana Online
CIHM: Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions
Early Canadiana Online is a digital library containing
2,009,084 pages in 13,554 volumes (as of 20 October 2005).





Links to Relevant Websites
John Taylor Wood



The combat of the Merrimac and the Monitor
(March 1862) made the greatest change in sea-fighting
since cannon fired by gunpowder had been mounted on ships...
— Winston Churchill, History of the English-Speaking Peoples

The day before the Battle of Hampton Roads, the Royal Navy
"had available for immediate purposes 149 first-class war-ships",
but the day after, "we have two," these two being Warrior and Ironside.
The Times of London, commenting on the effect of this naval battle
Source: http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/Merrimac.html

During the Battle of Hampton Roads, 8 March 1862,
Taylor Wood was on board CSS Virginia a.k.a. Merrimack

The First Fight of Iron-Clads published 1887
by John Taylor Wood, Colonel, Confederate States Army
    http://cssvirginia.org/vacsn4/original/wj85cent.htm


The First Fight of Iron-Clads published 1888
by John Taylor Wood, Colonel, Confederate States Army
    http://www.shsu.edu/~his_ncp/Merrimac.html


The Story Of The Confederate States Ship Virginia (formerly Merrimac)
Her Victory Over Monitor
published 1879
...The Federals, previous to their flight from Norfolk, had burnt all
the United States Government vessels; and we, taking from the mud
the hulk of the frigate Merrimac, built over it a roof of two-inch iron
plates, and cleaning up the hull and overhauling the engines,
we formally named the new craft Virginia...
    http://www.civilwarhome.com/virginiamonitor.htm


The Battle of Hampton Roads Confederate Military History, Volume 12
    http://www.civilwarhome.com/CMHHampton%20Roads.htm


The Birth of the Ironclads Confederate Military History, Volume 12
    http://www.civilwarhome.com/merrimacbirth.htm


Battle of Hampton Roads by Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hampton_Roads


Battle of Hampton Roads
    http://www.reference.com/browse/wiki/Battle_of_Hampton_Roads


Battle of Monitor and Merrimack Civil War Harper's Weekly, 22 March 1862
    http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1862/monitor-merrimac.htm


Battle of Hampton Roads (excellent pictures)
    http://encyclopedia.laborlawtalk.com/Battle_of_Hampton_Roads


Battle of Hampton Roads 8-9 March 1862
    http://www.answers.com/topic/battle-of-hampton-roads


Longwood Alumna Monitors Relics of Naval History
Longwood University Alumni magazine, Autumn 2002
...In the only damage to either vessel, a Confederate artillery shell,
fired at no more than ten yards, struck the Monitor's pilothouse, ripping
off the top... The shot was fired by Lieutenant John Taylor Wood...
    http://www.longwood.edu/longwood/Winter03/ussmonitor3.htm


Halifax and the American Civil War

Halifax and the American Civil War by Allan King
pages 11-13, Michigan Social Studies Journal, vol. 14 #1, Spring 2003
    http://www.ehhs.cmich.edu/~mjssmcss/journal2003.pdf



Captain John Taylor Wood, Confederate States Navy
by United States Navy, Naval Historical Center, Washington DC
    http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/pers-us/uspers-w/jt-wood.htm


John Taylor Wood by Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Taylor_Wood


John Taylor Wood Dictionary of Canadian Biography
...Wood's death in 1904 was front-page news in Halifax...
    http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=41274


Ironclads and Blockade Runners of the American Civil War
    http://www.wideopenwest.com/~jenkins/ironclads/ironclad.htm


C.S.S. Tallahassee Makes Daring Escape by Ron Low
Taylor Wood's famous escape from Halifax Harbour
during the night of 19-20 August 1864
    http://hub.dataline.net.au/~tfoen/tallahassee.htm


The History of Tallahassee
by Tallahassee Community School, Eastern Passage, Nova Scotia
    http://www.tcs.ednet.ns.ca/history.htm


CSS Tallahassee 1864, Captain John Taylor Wood
Marauders of the Sea, Confederate Merchant Raiders
during the American Civil War
    http://www.ahoy.tk-jk.net/MaraudersCivilWar/CSSTallahassee.html


Confederate Seadog: John Taylor Wood in War and Exile
Review by Dave Page, The Civil War News
    http://www.civilwarnews.com/reviews/bookreviews.cfm?ID=472


The Confederate Cruisers
    http://www.civilwarhome.com/cruisers.htm


The True Story Of The Capture Of Jefferson Davis published 7 July 1877
...Colonel John Taylor Wood and myself were under a pine tree,
some fifty to one hundred feet off.  Our camp was surprised...
    http://www.civilwarhome.com/daviscapture.htm


The Last Capital of the Confederacy – Danville
The Charles Seddon, engine #14, a 4-4-0 steam locomotive
on the Richmond-Danville Railroad, pulled the train that carried
Jefferson Davis, the Confederate Cabinet, the Confederate treasure
(believed to have been more than half a million dollars in gold)
and archives to Danville in April of 1865...
The following is a list of passengers:
      President Jefferson Davis
      Colonel Frank R. Lubbock
      Colonel John Taylor Wood
      Colonel William Preston Johnston...
    http://www.danvillemuseum.org/engine14.html


Camp Hill Cemetery

Camp Hill Cemetery by Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_Hill_Cemetery


Marble bust of Zachary Taylor United States Senate
Bought in 1909 from Lola Wood, widow of John Taylor Wood
(then living in Nova Scotia)
    http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/art/artifact/Sculpture_21_00019.htm


Confederate States Navy bibliography
    http://www.csnavy.org/biblio.htm







Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    /remem/plaques.html



Plaque: Old Burying Ground Old Burying Ground plaque Halifax
    /hfxrm/oldburygnd.html


Welsford-Parker monument Welsford-Parker monument, Crimean War Halifax
    /hfxrm/crimeamon.html


Deadman's Island, Northwest Arm Deadman's Island Northwest Arm, Halifax
    /hfxrm/deadmansnd.html


Sailor's Statue, Sackville Landing Sailor's Statue, Sackville Landing Halifax
    /hfxrm/sailor-statue.html


Norwegian Memorial, Sackville Landing Norwegian memorial, Sackville Landing Halifax
    /hfxrm/norwayhfx.html


Captain James Cook monument Halifax
    /hfxrm/cookjmon.html


Alexander Keith monument Alexander Keith monument Camp Hill Cemetery, Halifax
    /hfxrm/keithal.html


Joe Cracker, HMS Tribune plaque Joe Cracker, HMS Tribune plaque Herring Cove
    /hfxrm/tribuneplq.html


Go To:   Index to other online Nova Scotia History
    http://alts.net/ns1625/histindx.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/automobiles.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/railways.html

Go To:   History of Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Electric Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/electric.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://alts.net/ns1625/quotes.html

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First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 May 16
Added 17 pages, official letters 1865:   2005 October 21