Photographs of
Grassy Island

Fort William Augustus
1725 – 1744


National Historic Site

Grassy Island
Canso Harbour
Guysborough County
Nova Scotia


Once a thriving community of fishermen and merchants
from New England, Grassy Island became a casualty of the
rivalry between England and France for control of North America.
After the French attacked and burned it in 1744, the island lay
abandoned and forgotten for more than 200 years.  Much of
what is now known of this settlement is the result of
recent historical and archaeological research.



1744 March 18: War is declared between France and England, The War of the Austrian Succession, or in the simpler American nomenclature, "King George's War," or "Governor's Shirley's War."
1744 May 3: Louisbourg gets the news (a ship from St. Malo) that England and France are at war.
1744 May 13/24: The French attack and take Grassy Island Fort at Canso.
— Reference:
Significant Historical Happenings By Year: 1742-44 by Peter Landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/Dates/1742-44.htm





Interpretation centre and ferry terminal at 1465 Union Street, Canso

GPS location of the fort site on Grassy Island:
45°20'16"N   60°58'20"W





Grassy Island National Historic Site
Grassy Island National Historic Site sign at 1465 Union Street, Canso.


Grassy Island as seen from Canso
Grassy Island as seen from the east end of Union Street, Canso


Looking eastward toward Grassy Island
Looking eastward toward Grassy Island.


Grassy Island landing
Approaching the landing stage on the north side of Grassy Island.


Landing on Grassy Island
Landing on Grassy Island.  The ruins of Fort William Augustus
lie at the top of the hill beyond the interpretative hut.


Looking across the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort toward the town of Canso
Looking southwest across the ruins of Fort William Augustus toward the town of Canso.


Looking across the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Looking northeast across the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


The photographs above and below were taken on 18 August 2005.



The Interpretative Panel at Grassy Island Fort
a.k.a. Fort William Augustus

Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


Beyond the interpretatvive panel we see the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Looking northwest.  Beyond the interpretative panel are the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of Fort William Augustus.


Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of the Grassy Island Fort
Detail of the interpretative panel at the ruins of Fort William Augustus.



The Interpretative Hut at Grassy Island landing

The interpretative hut at Grassy Island landing
The interpretative hut at Grassy Island landing.


Detail of west interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
Detail of west interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.


West interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
West interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.


Detail of west interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
Detail of west interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.


Detail of west interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
Detail of west interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.


Detail of west interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
Detail of west interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.


Detail of east interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
Detail of east interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.


East interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
East interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.


Detail of east interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
Detail of east interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.


Detail of east interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
Detail of east interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.


Detail of east interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut
Detail of east interpretative panel at Grassy Island landing hut.



The Interpretative Centre
at 1465 Union Street, Canso

The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso
The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso.


The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso
Map of Canso Harbour, showing Grassy Island.


The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso
The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso.


The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso
The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso.


The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso
The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso.


The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso
The interpretative centre on Union Street, Canso.





Links to Relevant Websites
Grassy Island

Grassy Island Virtual Tour
Includes an aerial photograph of the Fort William Augustus site
    http://collections.ic.gc.ca/archaeology/second/impact/nhs/
          virtual/virtualtour.html


Canso Islands National Historic Site of Canada by Parks Canada
    http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/ns/canso/natcul/index_e.asp


The British Administration in Nova Scotia: 1714-1739
by the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs
...Philipps was also undoubtedly discouraged by the violence which
broke out at Canso.  The Micmacs, increasingly incensed by the incursions
of Massachusetts fishermen into Nova Scotia waters, attacked and killed
a number of them while capturing their fishing boats.  Philipps retaliated
by building a small fort at Canso and by garrisoning it with three
companies of troops from Annapolis...
    http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/pr/trts/hti/Marit/bris_e.html


Timeline: Grassy Island and Canso, 1600-1699
    http://collections.ic.gc.ca/archaeology/second/history/1600timeline.html


Timeline: Grassy Island and Canso, 1713-1744
    http://collections.ic.gc.ca/archaeology/second/history/171344.html


Timeline: Grassy Island and Canso, 1745-1963
    http://collections.ic.gc.ca/archaeology/second/history/174500.html


Brief Biographies

Richard Philipps by Peter landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/BiosNS/1700-63/Philipps.htm


Richard Philipps Dictionary of Canadian Biography
    http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=35709


Alexander Cosby by Peter landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/BiosNS/1700-63/Cosby.htm


Alexander Cosby Dictionary of Canadian Biography
    http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=35400


Lawrence Armstrong by Peter landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/BiosNS/1700-63/Armstrong.htm


Lawrence Armstrong Dictionary of Canadian Biography
    http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=34734


Edward How by Peter landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/BiosNS/1700-63/How.htm


Edward How Dictionary of Canadian Biography
    http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=35532


Jean Paul Mascarene by Peter landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/BiosNS/1700-63/Mascarene.htm


Paul Mascarene Dictionary of Canadian Biography
    http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=35647


Nicholas Denys by Peter landry
    http://www.blupete.com/Hist/BiosNS/1600-00/Denys.htm


Nicolas Denys Dictionary of Canadian Biography
    http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=34290


Patrick Heron Dictionary of Canadian Biography
    http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=35523


Agathe de Saint-Etienne de la Tour (1690-c.1743)
a.k.a. Agathe Bradstreet, Agathe Campbell
    http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=35211


Grassy Island National Historic Site

Cape Breton in Transition: Economic Diversification and Prospects for Tourism
...By the early 1990s Grassy Island National Historic Site was in operation.
The mainland visitor centre provided visitors with an opportunity to familiarize
themselves with the site's story before taking a boat to the Island.
Once on the Island, visitors could view the traces of the fort on top of the
hill and inspect the sites of other structures which once stood on the Island.
None of the original structures have been reconstructed, but Parks Canada
has carried out additional archaeological investigations in 1993 and 1994,
providing summer employment and additional government spending in the
Canso area.  Much still remains to be done, however, before tourism begins
to make a substantial contribution to the economy of the Canso area.
Grassy Island attracts only 3,000 to 4,000 visitors annually...
    http://fortress.uccb.ns.ca/search/Proc95_10.htm







Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    /remem/plaques.html



Commercial Cable Company telegraph office Hazel Hill
    /guysbco/commcable.html


Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park Hazel Hill
    /guysbco/cableparkmunic.html


Captain Savalette plaque Captain Savalette plaque, 1565 Charlos Cove
    /guysbco/savalette-plaque.html


Charlos Cove historical plaque Charlos Cove historical plaque, 1763 Charlos Cove
    /guysbco/charloshist.html


Charlos Cove war memorial Charlos Cove war memorial Charlos Cove
    /guysbco/charloswarmem.html


Goldboro war memorial Goldboro war memorial Goldboro
    /guysbco/goldborom.html


New Harbour war memorial New Harbour war memorial New Harbour
    /guysbco/newhbrm.html


Sherbrooke Presbyterian Church honour roll Presbyterian Church honour roll Sherbrooke
    /guysbco/honourroll-sher.html


St. Mary's Municipality war memorial St. Mary's Municipality war memorial Sherbrooke
    /guysbco/sherbrooke.html


Spanish Ship Bay war memorial Spanish Ship Bay war memorial Spanish Ship Bay
    /guysbco/spanbay.html


Fort Point monument Fort Point monument LaHave
    /lunenco/lahavefpm.html


Morden: French Cross monument French Cross monument Morden
    /kingsco/frenchcross.html


Falmouth: Sainte-Famille Parish Cemetery Sainte-Famille Parish Cemetery Falmouth
    /hantsco/acadnfalm.html


Iron Cross monument Iron Cross monument Horton Landing
    /kingsco/ironcross.html


Monument: Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill monument LeQuille
    /annapco/lequille.html



Go To:   Index to other online Nova Scotia History
    http://alts.net/ns1625/histindx.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://alts.net/ns1625/quotes.html

Go To:   History of Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/railways.html

Go To:   History of Electric Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/automobiles.html

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First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 August 26
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