Photographs of
Commercial Cable
Trans Atlantic Park

Owned by the Municipality of the District of Guysborough


Hazel Hill
Guysborough County
Nova Scotia

Located on the north side of Highway 16 in Hazel Hill,
adjacent to the old Commercial Cable Building


GPS location:   45°19'38"N   61°01'42"W




Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park
Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, municipal park at Hazel Hill.
The interpretative panels are seen at the right side of this view.

Photographed on 18 September 2003



New Hazel Hill Park Officially Opened: Guysborough Journal, 8 Oct. 2003
Clipping from the Guysborough Journal, 8 October 2003

In the clipping (above), ..."telegraphs" were received...
should read "telegraph messages" were received,
or "telegrams" or "cablegrams" were received.


Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park
Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, municipal park at Hazel Hill.
The derelict Cammercial Cable Telegraph Office
is seen beyond the park interpretative panels.

Photographed on 30 July 2005


Commercial Cable Telegraph Office


Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

Photographed on 30 July 2005






Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

West Interpretative Panel

"The Crucial Connection"

Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, west interpretative panel
West (left) interpretative panel

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, west interpretative panel
#1: Sherbrooke,   #2: Tor Bay,   #3: Fox Island,   #4: Little Dover,   #5: Hazel Hill
Detail, west interpretative panel, Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, west interpretative panel
Detail, west interpretative panel, Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, west interpretative panel
Detail, west interpretative panel, Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, west interpretative panel
Detail, west interpretative panel, Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

Photographed on 18 August 2005


Mistakes in this
Interpretative Panel

This short text contains three important historical mistakes.

Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, west interpretative panel

Mistake #1:
This panel text confuses "telegraph" with "electric telegraph".

The telegraph was not invented by Samuel Morse in 1835.  It was not invented by
anyone in the 1800s.  Messages have been sent by telegraph for thousands of years.
Ever since the beginnings of time, people have been trying to communicate over
distances greater than the human voice could reach.  Early attempts included the
use of smoke signals (by day), signal fires (at night), hoisting flags, and the moving
arms of semaphores.  These message systems require the receiving end to be able
to see the sending end.  Such visual systems are called "optical telegraphs".
The ancient Greeks sent messages by optical telegraph.  Four hundred years ago,
in the time of Queen Elizabeth I, England's Royal Navy had a well-organized method
for transmitting messages from one ship to another while both were under way,
using flags, an optical telegraph system.  There are numerous similar well-known
examples.  These optical systems were and are genuine telegraphs by any
definition, and are included in every competent history of telegraph technology.
Similar telegraph systems exist in modern times.  Every navy in the world now uses
three distinct systems of optical telegraph: flashing light, flaghoist, and semaphore.


Mistake #2:
This panel text is flat wrong when it states that "With the invention
of the (electric) telegraph by Samuel Morse in 1835, it was clearly
demonstrated that an electrical signal could be sent through a copper
wire and read at the other end."

This text is evidence of incredibly sloppy historical research.  Many years before
Samuel Morse began tinkering with electricity, it was widely known that an electric
current (signal) could be sent through a wire (copper or iron or silver...) and
observed (read) at the other end.  The work done in Sweden by Oersted, in
France by Ampere, and in England by Wheatstone and others, years before
Morse, is well-known.  In 1830 – five years before 1835 – Joseph Henry in the
United States demonstrated the ability to send an electric signal more than a
mile and have it observed (read) at the other end.  William Cooke and Charles
Wheatstone developed the first electric telegraph to go into commercial service,
which began operation in England in 1839, five years before Morse's first
commercial telegraph line started operation in 1844.  No competent
communications historian credits the invention of the electric telegraph to Morse.

The history of the electric telegraph begins in 1747, when an Englishman
named William Watson showed how to send electrostatically-generated signals
long distances through a wire, with the circuit completed through the earth.
Seven years later, in 1752, an anonymous writer published an article in the
Scots Magazine, Edinburgh, Scotland, showing how to send messages
with an array of twenty-six such wires (one for each letter of the alphabet).
Various forms of this multiple-wire electric telegraph system were built in
Switzerland in 1774, in France in 1787, and in Spain in 1798.  Between 1800
and Morse's work, many workable electric telegraph systems were developed.
Inventing the Telegraph by John H. Lienhard
    http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi1393.htm

Invention of the Telegraph by J. B. Calvert
    http://www.du.edu/~jcalvert/tel/morse/morse.htm#C


Mistake #3:
This is an error of omission.  Samuel Morse's truly great invention
was his telegraph code.  To this day it is called the "Morse code"
in recognition of this major contribution to communications technology.
Morse's invention was the telegraph code, not the telegraph.

The panel text mentions Morse's telegraph code, but does not adequately
convey its significance in the history of telecommunications or the fact that
this is the reason Samuel Morse is remembered today.




Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, west interpretative panel
Detail, west interpretative panel, Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

Photographed on 18 August 2005






Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

Center Interpretative Panel

"A Telegrapher's Community"

Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, center interpretative panel
Center interpretative panel

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, center interpretative panel
Detail, center interpretative panel

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, center interpretative panel
Detail, center interpretative panel

Photographed on 30 July 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, center interpretative panel
Detail, center interpretative panel

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, center interpretative panel
In the photograph (next above) the flat roofs on the houses are clearly visible.
Detail, center interpretative panel

Photographed on 18 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, center interpretative panel
Detail, center interpretative panel

Photographed on 18 August 2005






Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park

East Interpretative Panel

"The 'Canso Station' "

Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, east interpretative panel
East (right) interpretative panel

Photographed on 16 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, east interpretative panel
Detail, east interpretative panel

Photographed on 16 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, east interpretative panel
Detail, east interpretative panel

Photographed on 16 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, east interpretative panel
The job then known as a "mechanician" is now called a "technician".

"Technician":   A person whose occupation involves training in a specific
technical process; an expert in troubleshooting system malfunctions.
A person skilled in the methods and techniques of a specific technology.
Along with a thorough knowledge of test equipment and how to use it
to diagnose problems, the technician is also familiar with
how to repair or replace faulty components.

Photographed on 16 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, east interpretative panel
Detail, east interpretative panel

Photographed on 16 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, east interpretative panel
Detail, east interpretative panel

Photographed on 30 July 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, east interpretative panel
Detail, east interpretative panel

Photographed on 16 August 2005



Hazel Hill: Commercial Cable Trans Atlantic Park, east interpretative panel
Detail, east interpretative panel

Photographed on 16 August 2005






Links to Relevant Websites
Telegraph History

Search for mystery pioneer Scot
The Scotsman (newspaper), 1 February 2003

250 years ago today (in February 1753) a Scottish inventor published a detailed
description of a then-unknown machine that used electricity carried by metallic wires,
to "convey intelligence" from one place to another without carrying a written message
to the destination.  This is the earliest known description of the telecommunications
system we now call the electric telegraph.  The problem is, the scientist's identity has
never been established.  The anonymous article described for the first time how
electricity could be applied to a wire to create a communication device, using 26
parallel lengths of wire, one for each letter of the alphabet.  The article includes
the phrases "signalling at a distance by the use of electricity", and "an expeditious
method of conveying intelligence".  Twenty-five decades later, no clearer description
of the electric telegraph can be formulated. 
    http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/paperboy.cfm?id=126552003


Early Wired Telegraphy 1774-1798
    http://people.deas.harvard.edu/~jones/cscie129/images/history/lesage.html


A Short History of Telegraphy: Part 1, Beginnings by Alan G. Hobbs and Sam Hallas
    http://www.samhallas.co.uk/telhist1/telehist.htm

The Wayback Machine has archived copies of:
A Short History of Telegraphy: Part 1, Beginnings
by Alan G. Hobbs and Sam Hallas


Archived: 1998 December 06
http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/
        Sam_Hallas/telhist1/telehist.htm

Archived: 1999 October 12
http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/
        Sam_Hallas/telhist1/telehist.htm

Archived: 2001 January 24
http://www.samhallas.cwc.net/telhist1/telehist.htm

Archived: 2001 July 14
www.samhallas.cwc.net/telhist1/telehist.htm

Archived: 2002 June 13
http://samhallas.co.uk/telhist1/telehist.htm

Archived: 2003 October 06
http://www.samhallas.co.uk/telhist1/telehist.htm

Archived: 2004 October 10
http://www.samhallas.co.uk/telhist1/telehist.htm


Joseph Henry: Inventor of the Telegraph? By David Hochfelder
Smithsonian Institutional History Division
    http://www.si.edu/archives/ihd/jhp/joseph20.htm


Telegraph History: Western Union Telegraph Company Records 1820-1995
    http://invention.smithsonian.org/resources/fa_wu_index.aspx


Morse Code by Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Morse_code


History of Morse Code
    http://encyclopedia.laborlawtalk.com/Morse_code


International Morse Code by the Canadian Navy
    http://www.navy.forces.gc.ca/mspa_youth/youth_sc_morse1_e.asp


The Science of Morse Code Industry Canada
    http://collections.ic.gc.ca/cable/scimorse.htm


International Morse Code
    http://ww2.isys.ca/lberta/mrsecode.html


Telegraphy by Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telegraphy


Telegraphic Codes and Message Practice, 1870-1945
website by John McVey
    http://www.jmcvey.net/cable/ex/index.htm


Commercial Cable Company

History of the Commercial Cable Company
    http://www.cial.org.uk/


The White Family Archive
George White, the last General Manager of Commercial Cable Company
in the UK, had his 100th birthday in November 2004.
    http://www.cial.org.uk/white/index.htm


History of the Commercial Cable Company
    http://alts.net/ns1625/telegraph02.html#commcabstart


Maps showing Transatlantic Telegraph Cable Routes
These are excellent maps but the online version does not work
in many browsers, such as Firefox, Safari and Opera.
They do work in IE5.  Netscape maybe.
    http://www.cial.org.uk/wsm/maps.htm


Pacific Postal Telegraph Cable Company
The history of the Pacific Postal Telegraph Cable Company is simple.
When Mr. John W. Mackay, the famous Bonanza millionaire,
and Mr. James Gordon Bennett, of the New York Herald, associated
themselves together for the purpose of building the "Commercial" cable
across the Atlantic, they readily recognized the fact that the
"Field" cable was operated in conjunction with the Western Union lines,
and that a rival cable must be fed by friendly inland lines...
San Francisco News Letter and California Advertiser
19 February 1887
    http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist11/pacificpostal.html


Commercial Cable Rehabilitation Society
incorporated 22 March 2005 in Nova Scotia
(this website uses popup ads, and breaks your browser's Back button)
    http://commercialcable.tripod.com/







Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    /remem/plaques.html



Commercial Cable Company telegraph office Hazel Hill
    /guysbco/commcable.html


Grassy Island historic site Grassy Island historic site, 1744 Canso Harbour
    /guysbco/grassyisland.html


Captain Savalette plaque Captain Savalette plaque, 1565 Charlos Cove
    /guysbco/savalette-plaque.html


Charlos Cove historical plaque Charlos Cove historical plaque, 1763 Charlos Cove
    /guysbco/charloshist.html


Charlos Cove war memorial Charlos Cove war memorial Charlos Cove
    /guysbco/charloswarmem.html


Goldboro war memorial Goldboro war memorial Goldboro
    /guysbco/goldborom.html


New Harbour war memorial New Harbour war memorial New Harbour
    /guysbco/newhbrm.html


Sherbrooke Presbyterian Church honour roll Presbyterian Church honour roll Sherbrooke
    /guysbco/honourroll-sher.html


St. Mary's Municipality war memorial St. Mary's Municipality war memorial Sherbrooke
    /guysbco/sherbrooke.html


Spanish Ship Bay war memorial Spanish Ship Bay war memorial Spanish Ship Bay
    /guysbco/spanbay.html


D'Escousse war memorial D'Escousse war memorial D'Escousse
    /richmco/descoussewarm.html


Colin Chisholm Park Colin Chisholm Park Antigonish
    /antgnco/chisholmpark.html


Stellarton: Sobeys Industrial Monument Sobeys Industrial Monument Stellarton
    /pictouco/sobeyindmon.html


Trenton: Workers Monument Workers Monument Trenton
    /pictouco/trentwrkm.html


Sampsonville centennial plaque Samsonville centennial plaque Sampsonville
    /richmco/sampsonville.html


Moose River Gold Mine Moose River Gold Mine collapse Moose River Gold Mines
    /hfxrm/moosegoldm.html



Go To:   History of Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/telephone.html

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/railways.html

Go To:   History of Electric Companies in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/electric.html

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia
    http://alts.net/ns1625/automobiles.html

Go To:   Nova Scotia Quotations
    http://alts.net/ns1625/quotes.html

Go To:   Home Page
    /index.html



First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 September 03
Latest content update:   2005 December 17
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