Scotch Fort

1629 – 1632

Photographs of

Port Royal
Annapolis County
Nova Scotia

Located on the north side of the highway,
opposite the Port Royal Habitation National Historic Site

GPS location:   44°42'49"N   65°36'35"W

Also see: Sir William Alexander monument, Halifax

Thanks to Mrs. Hannelore Fisher.

Scotch Fort 1629-1632: map showing location of monument

Map showing the location of the monument commemorating the
Scotch Fort 1629-1632, Port Royal, Annapolis County, Nova Scotia.
Roads are shown as they were in 1978. Except for Highway 101, the
layout of the roads in 2004 has not changed much from that shown here.

Links to Relevant Websites

Father and son on different sides of conflict, for a while by Jim Bradshaw
Lafayette, Louisiana Daily Advertiser, 23 February 1999
...Claude de La Tour sailed to Nova Scotia in 1629 with Alexander's eldest son,
who was also named Sir William Alexander. There were two groups of settlers
with them. One group, led by Claude and the young Alexander, settled on what
would later be called the Allain River at a place they named Charlesfort. It was
also called Scotch Fort and was less than five miles from the all but abandoned
French settlement at Port Royal. A second group, led by Lord Ochiltree, settled
on Cape Breton Island at a place they called Baleine. Later, when the French
built a fortress at the site, they called it Louisbourg...

On the Trail of the Scots of Annapolis County by Allen B. Robertson
...The Scotch Fort was built on the banks of the Annapolis River near
Granville close to the site of the earlier Habitation or French fort. It lasted
as a post only a short time before Britain and France exchanged colonial
possessions in their periodic battles and diplomatic manoeuvres. (In 1632,
the territory was passed to the French as part of the marriage negotiations
of King Charles I of England.) Moreover as a post inhabited only by men
[with the exception of two women] it was not an auspicious way to gain a
permanent foot hold in Nova Scotia. King Charles I of England and Scotland
issued a command to Sir William Alexander in July 1631, "... to demolish
the fort that was builded there by your son and to remove all the people,
goods, ordnance, ammunition, cattle and other things belonging to the
colony." The following March 1632 by the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye
all of Acadia alias New Scotland was returned to France. The treaty also
meant that the attempt by Lord Ochiltree to settle Scots in Cape Breton
was halted Not all of the Scottish colonists chose to return to Scotland.
A few moved on to Boston...Residents of Annapolis County may be proud
of the fact that the only province in Canada to be named for the Scots
presence had its genesis on the banks of the Annapolis River.

Saint-Germain-en-Laye treaty signed on 29 March 1632

Remembering Our Acadian Heritage by Jim Bradshaw
Lafayette, Louisiana Daily Advertiser, 29 September 1994
...Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, was one of the ablest
of French statesmen. He held strong influence over King Louis XIII, and would,
in fact, be the actual ruler of France for more than 18 years (1624-1642).
Richelieu saw the coming struggle for supremacy in North America, and saw
that France would have to strengthen its colonies there if it was going to
compete with the growing British strength. He immediately organized a
trading company for Quebec and one of Acadie, sending his cousin,
Isaac de Razilly to North America as lieutenant governor of all New France
and Governor of Acadia. In July 1632 Razilly sailed from France aboard the
Esperance a Dieu. With him were two transports carrying 300 people, livestock,
seeds, tool, arms – everything needed to establish and maintain a community.
He would begin the first true steps toward permanent settlement of the Acadian
colony. After landing at LaHave on 8 September 1632, Razilly took possession
of Port Royal and then took the fort at Penobscot by force. Scottish families
still in Port Royal were sent back to England...

Cardinal Richelieu, Prime Minister of France 1624-1642

Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia

Sir William Alexander monument Sir William Alexander monument Victoria Park, Halifax

Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 Port Royal

Monument: Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill Poutrincourt's 1607 Mill monument LeQuille

Bloody Creek monument Bloody Creek 1757 monument Bloody Creek

Fort Anne bronze cannon Fort Anne bronze cannon Annapolis Royal

1849 Nova Scotia Pony Express Monument Victoria Beach

Rawding Captains monument Rawding Captains monument Clementsport

Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument Clementsport

Fort Point monument Fort Point monument LaHave

Clementsport war memorial Clementsport war memorial

Clementsvale war memorial Clementsvale war memorial Clementsvale

Bear River war memorial Bear River war memorial Bear River

Bridgetown war memorial Bridgetown war memorial Bridgetown

Arthur Kennedy tombstone Arthur Kennedy tombstone LeQuille

Go To:   Index to other online Nova Scotia History

Go To:   History of Railway Companies in Nova Scotia

Go To:   History of Electric Companies in Nova Scotia

Go To:   History of Automobiles in Nova Scotia

Go To:   History of Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia

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First uploaded to the Internet:   2004 March 20