Commonwealth
Air Training Program

1940 – 1945


The Most Costly Air Battle in Canadian History

The Great Canadian Air Battle
It is easy to forget certain things about the war. When we consider
Canada's participation in the Second World War, we understandably
think about the ordeals of Hong Kong and Dieppe, the difficult battles
in Italy, the spectacular landing on 6 June 1944, and the long campaign
to reclaim Europe that followed. The contributions of Canadian pilots to
the Battle of Britain, and of the Royal Canadian Navy to the victory in the
Atlantic, are also remembered. However, all too often, we forget that the
war was also taking place on Canadian soil. In fact, during the early years
of the conflict, it was mostly in Canada that the war found its victims:
over 1,000 airmen had already lost their lives on Canadian bases
before the raid on Dieppe was launched in August 1942. From the
beginning of 1942 to the end of 1944, 831 fatal air accidents took
place in Canada – an average of 23 per month, or five every week.
Each week, at least a dozen airmen died in Canada, an enormous number...
During the first years of the war, Canada was
the most dangerous place a pilot could be...

The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
and RCAF Fatalities During the Second World War
by Dr. Jean Martin
Canadian Military Journal , Spring 2002
    http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/engraph/Vol3/no1/pdf/65-69_e.pdf



Photographs of
Memorial

Middleton
Annapolis County
Nova Scotia

This BCATP memorial is located in the churchyard
at Old Holy Trinity Church, Middleton, Nova Scotia,

on Highway One, about 1.7 km west from the Middleton Post Office.


GPS location:   44°56'04"N   65°05'10"W





Commonwealth Air Training Program memorial, view looking north

Photographed on 28 July 2003




Commonwealth Air Training Program memorial, looking northwest

Photographed on 13 June 2003



Commonwealth Air Training Program memorial, looking north

Photographed on 13 June 2003




BCATP Pennant

Located in the Aviation Museum at CFB Greenwood



Greenwood Military Aviation Museum

CFB Greenwood Aviation Museum


CFB Greenwood was established in 1942 as a Royal Air Force Station
as part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP).
The BCATP was a plan to expand all Commonwealth air forces.
Greenwood was used as a training base during WW2.






Links to Relevant Websites

British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
    http://www.rcaf.com/bcatp/


The Aerodrome of Democracy: Canada and the BCATP, 1939-1945,
223 pages, by Fred J. Hatch, published 1983 by the Department of
National Defence, ISBN 0660114437, states that 856 students were
killed during their training in Canada by the BCATP...

The Great Canadian Air Battle
From the beginning of 1942 to the end of 1944, 831 fatal air accidents
took place in Canada – an average of 23 per month, or five every week.
Each week, at least a dozen airmen died in Canada, an enormous number...
...Canada was...the most dangerous place a pilot could be...
    http://www.journal.forces.gc.ca/engraph/Vol3/no1/pdf/65-69_e.pdf


The Aerodrome of Democracy: Canada and the BCATP, 1939-1945
by Fred J. Hatch
published 1983 by the Department of National Defence
full text of 242 pages in pdf from DND Department of History and Heritage
    http://www.forces.ca/hr/dhh/downloads/Official_Histories/Aerodrome_e.PDF


Under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, begun in late 1939,
crews for the air forces of Canada, Britain, Australia and New Zealand
were trained at airfields scattered across Canada.  By its finish in 1945,
the plan had trained 131,553 airmen, 55 per cent of them Canadian.

Historians J.L. Granatstein and Desmond Morton in Canada
and the Two World Wars,
published in 2003, describe the British
Commonwealth Air Training Plan as "quite possibly Canada's major
contribution" to World War Two.

The Globe & Mail, 17 March 2005

Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum History of the BCATP
    http://www.warplane.com/pages/ourstories_bcapt.html


The BCATP by Veterans Affairs Canada
    http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/general/sub.cfm?source=history/secondWar/bcatp


Commonwealth Air Training Plan Museum
    http://www.airmuseum.ca/


Aircraft of the BCATP
    http://www.lancastermuseum.ca/aircraftbcatp.html


The BCATP (author not known)
    http://www.ualberta.ca/EDMONTON/CONTRIB/airmuseum/aambcatp.html


Garden of Memories BCATP video
On June 6, 1999, the "Garden of Memories" memorial was unveiled in Winnipeg
as a permanent tribute to all those, both civilian and military alike, who trained, and
contributed to the success of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP).
    http://www.airforce.gc.ca/grfx/hist_e/Gardenposter.jpg


Shearwater Aviation Museum
    http://www.shearwateraviationmuseum.ns.ca/







Photographs of War Memorials, Historic Monuments and Plaques in Nova Scotia
    /remem/plaques.html



Kingston: Commonwealth Air Training Program memorial Commonwealth Air Training Program memorial, 1940-1945 Kingston
    /kingsco/bcatprc.html


North Mountain airplane crash memorial North Mountain airplane crash memorial Brow of Mountain
    /kingsco/browmtn.html


William Hall monument, Hantsport William Hall monument Hantsport
    /hantsco/hallmem.html


Wolfville war memorial Wolfville war memorial Wolfville
    /kingsco/wolfmem.html


Canning war memorial Canning war memorial Canning
    /kingsco/cannmem.html


New Ross war memorial New Ross war memorial New Ross
    /lunenco/rossmem.html


Springfield war memorial Springfield war memorial Springfield
    /annapco/springfld.html


Bridgetown war memorial Bridgetown war memorial Bridgetown
    /annapco/bridgetownm.html


Bear River war memorial Bear River war memorial Bear River
    /annapco/bearriverm.html


Clementsport war memorial Clementsport war memorial Clementsport
    /annapco/clemport.html


Clementsvale war memorial Clementsvale war memorial Clementsvale
    /annapco/clemvalem.html


Carleton war memorial Carleton war memorial Carleton
    /yarmco/carletonmon.html


Kempt war memorial Kempt war memorial Kempt
    /qrm/kemptmem.html


Kemptville war memorial Kemptville war memorial Kemptville
    /yarmco/kemptville.html


Kentville Legion war memorial Kentville Legion war memorial Kentville
    /kingsco/kentlegion.html


Kentville Park war memorial Kentville Park war memorial Kentville
    /kingsco/kentmem.html


Fort Anne bronze cannon Fort Anne bronze cannon Annapolis Royal
    /annapco/annebroncann.html


Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 Port Royal Habitation 1605-1613 Port Royal
    /annapco/portroyal.html


Scotch Fort 1629 monument Scotch Fort 1629-1632 monument Port Royal
    /annapco/scotchfort.html


1849 Nova Scotia Pony Express Monument Victoria Beach
    /annapco/ponyexmon.html


Rawding Captains monument Rawding Captains monument Clementsport
    /annapco/rawdingm.html


Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument Annapolis Iron Mining Company monument Clementsport
    /annapco/annironm.html



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First uploaded to the Internet:   2002 October 05
Better photographs installed:   2003 November 05
BCATP Pennant installed:   2003 November 10
Better photograph installed:   2003 December 11
Latest content update:   2005 March 18
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